To optimize your landscaping outdoor garden, we offer you a little foray into the fascinating universe of permaculture. The word permaculture is a portmanteau word, a neologism resulting from the fusion of the two English words permanent agriculture. Its precepts are a set of practices and principles aimed at taking into account the biodiversity of ecosystems to make the land fertile, while saving human and material resources. That is to say, constantly analyzing an environment and then applying appropriate land use planning, which will allow optimal results in terms of harvests, ecological and social impact, and while saving as much energy as possible. This management reduces the resources deployed both financially and physically for the inhabitants, mechanical for the machines, with the fuel consumption that this implies, or even the expenditure of water..
Rational use of water
landscaping permaculture outdoor garden optimizing space
A permaculture outdoor garden layout, in addition to giving you the satisfaction of seeing nature working for you (unlike the classic industrial model where the farmer “fights” against it to dominate it in a relationship of opposing forces, we speak of farmers agricultural industries) will give you more free time to design the ideal layout for your garden, landscape design being a pillar of permaculture.
landscape design is a pillar of permaculture
a work in collaboration with nature
By considering the interactions that occur in the ecosystem, we apply ideas learned from systems as they ideally function in nature, without human intervention. For example, by observing the flow of water on the ground during a downpour, we can facilitate this flow or channel it to direct it to a rainwater collection basin, or to create a small body of water. , or to build up reserves for watering the garden.
rainwater collection basin
optimize water in arid places
the creation of a body of water below allows nutrients to be recovered from the soil
aquaculture makes it possible to grow edible algae or which will be used to amend the soil
A permaculture outdoor garden arrangement will subdivide the land into different zones. This design can be transposed to environments of different sizes, what interests us here is the zoning to be carried out around a private house, yours for example. Permaculture zones are a way of organizing space concentrically around the center, which will be Zone 1, your home in this case. Based on the frequency of use, the frequency of trips required to access it and the time spent in each area, we can determine which types of items will end up more or less close to the center. We generally define six zones, depending on their proximity.
the zones are defined by their frequency of use and their interest
divide the surface into different areas starting from the house
these areas depend on the distance from the house
in each plot, the vegetables are grouped by affinities
Zone 1 will include the part of the vegetable garden where we go daily. For example, it will include a spiral of aromatic herbs, which we use with every meal or to prepare an herbal tea. In summer, tomatoes and zucchini are also to be watched every day; if you compost, you will want the compost not to end up at the other end of the garden, so that it can be emptied regularly, the same for a dry toilet.
have access to aromatic herbs without getting your feet dirty
tomatoes are the most accessible because they have to be checked every day
the same goes for peppers, eggplants, zucchini, etc.
easy access for these spirals of grass, also very decorative
Of course, you have to manage the disturbing aspects and find a reasonable distance compromise, depending on the frequency of use and your observation of the place: where do the prevailing winds come from, is there a plant barrier between the house and the compost,… This is permaculture: observe, understand the local relief, list the means at your disposal to deal with a situation, and from there, identify what you want, design the development to be carried out, then implement it, and finally adjust over time what has been implemented to keep it in line with your projects.