Wisteria are a family of plants loved for their beautiful flowers in shades of white, pink, blue and purple. Ideal for decorating a patio, facade, fence, parasol or pergola, these climbing plants are the subject of our big survey this week. We have collected all the useful information on the types of wisteria, on how to maintain them and prune them to enjoy their beautiful flowers for as long as possible..
Focus on wisteria in garden decoration,
their natural beauty and the ways to take advantage of them to beautify your outdoor space. Discover them below !
Wisteria, a family of garden climbing plants with a wealth of plant species
Let’s start with some general details about the wisteria family and the types of plants it contains. As you will see, the family of these plants is characterized by great richness. This is something that will inspire flower enthusiasts; they can afford a whole collection of different plants in various shades !
Wisteria are also called wisteria, a name which relates to their genus. This gathers flowering plants of the Fabaceae family. Specifically, the wisteria group includes ten species of climbing vines.
The plants in question originate from different corners of the world. Some come from the eastern United States, others from parts of Asia, such as China, Korea and Japan.
Known for the beauty of their flowers, the most popular wisteria today are: Wisteria sinensis, Wisteria floribunda, Wisteria frutescens, Wisteria macrostachya. In the following sections, we explore the characteristics of these varied species according to the type of plant..
Chinese wisteria, the most famous member of the Wisteria family
Chinese wisteria is also known by the Latin name of wisteria siniensis. It is a deciduous perennial climbing plant. Its name is taken from the country of its origin, China. In this country, wisteria of this kind is widespread especially in the provinces of Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Shaanxi and Yunnan.
It is curious to note that Chinese wisteria is basically a climbing vine. But it can be trained to become a tree. The essential characteristic of this type of trees? They usually have a wavy trunk and their top is flattened. Regarding its height, a wisteria siniensis type plant usually reaches 20 to 30 cm in length when supported by a suitable support..
The Chinese wisteria plant is easy to grow. This is probably why it is the best known and most popular type of wisteria in gardens in Europe and across the Channel. Also note, Chinese wisteria is one of the types of wisteria most used by those who grow bonsai..
The flowers of Wisteria siniensis adopt various shades: white, purple or blue. It is interesting to know that the flowers of each cluster open simultaneously and they are characterized by their pleasant scent similar to that of grapes..
Japanese wisteria, a floral species with vines full of spectacular colors
Now let’s move on to another representative of the wisteria family, wisteria floribunda. Also known as Japanese wisteria, this plant actually has a Latin name which means rich in flowers. And for good reason, since this is the essential characteristic of this type of wisteria !
Japanese wisteria usually grows to 9 m; the plant was introduced to Europe and the United States no later than the beginning of the 19th century. Along with Chinese wisteria, wisteria floribunda are very popular plant species for making bonsai..
The Japanese wisteria flowering period is perhaps the most spectacular of the entire wisteria plant family. To explain this peculiarity, you should know that the flower clusters can reach almost half a meter in length.
In early spring, they develop in white, pink, purple or blue color. As with Chinese wisteria, the flowers of wisteria floribunda have a scent similar to that of grapes..
Good to know: Japanese wisteria bloom in early spring, which can cause problems in temperate climates. Cool mornings and frosts during this time of year can destroy their beautiful flowers.
How to enjoy the beauty of Japanese wisteria? This climbing plant is ideal for outdoor decoration as it can grow over 30m in length. For this, it is necessary to provide strong enough supports, especially for large plants..
Do you want to treat yourself to such a plant to decorate your exterior? Be aware that Japanese wisteria prefers moist soils and full sun. It is under these conditions that it will develop at best in your green space.
American wisteria, a very popular wisteria variety in North American gardens
Fancy an outdoor climbing plant from the New World? Then wisteria frutescens may just be the perfect plant for your garden. This type of wisteria is also commonly referred to as an American wisteria.
It is native to the United States and is particularly common as a plant in the states from Virginia to Texas. It is also found in the southeastern parts of the continent, and in the states of Florida, Iowa, Michigan and New York..
Those who want to create a garden decoration with wisteria frutescens should know that they can reach up to 15 m in length. They produce richly adorned clusters of flowers in shades of blue and purple during the period from late spring to early summer..
This kind of wisteria is ideal for the decoration of a facade, a pergola and a parasol since it produces a very large number of racemes. So that’s a good reason to try growing this wisteria !
Do you love bonsai and want to grow a flowerpot wisteria for this purpose? In this case, you can also bet on wisteria frutescens. In fact, this type of wisteria is known for its flowers of very proportional size and very easy to control..
Wisteria macrostachya, a local variety of American wisteria typical of the Kentucky region
Wisteria native to the Kentucky state region of the United States have been classified as a separate wisteria species. This group of plants is called wisteria macrostachya. With a distinctive scent, this flourishing plant is also a great option for decorating a pergola or floral parasol..
The flowers of Kentucky wisteria are distinguished by their blue-purple color. Their clusters can grow to around 6 to 12 inches in length, which is an average size for the wisteria family. Good idea for a shade climbing plant for those who don’t want to spend a lot of time pruning foliage !
Risks associated with species of the wisteria family
Are you fascinated by the natural beauty of wisteria flowers and want to grow one or two in your garden? In this case, it would be useful for you to know what are the risks associated with growing this type of decorative garden climbing plant. We report it below.
All types of the wisteria family contain a poisonous substance, saponin. It is contained in the bark, branches, pods, roots and seeds. Ingestion of parts of this plant can therefore lead to poisoning; something to necessarily take into account if you have pets or small children.
In addition, all climbing plants of the wisteria family contain another toxic substance, canavanine. This substance allows species of the genus of wisteria to defend against herbivores. It should be noted that this substance may also present certain risks if it is ingested.
How to plant wisteria in pots or in the ground to decorate your garden or terrace
Wisteria are climbing plants that can be used to cover a vertical or horizontal surface. As such, they are a very popular solution for decorating house facades, trellises and garden partitions. Thanks to their rich foliage and their beautiful flowers, wisteria provide great protection against prying eyes..
In addition, these climbing plants are also an excellent option for decorating a patio with pergola or floral parasol. In this context, they turn into shade plants, very popular during the hot summer months..
For all these reasons, wisteria appeal to many gardening enthusiasts. Below we share with you some tips for planting wisteria in pots or in the ground without any effort..
Regarding soil and location, all wisteria species should be planted in fertile and moist soil. The soil must be well drained to avoid the risks to the roots posed by moisture. Wisteria are plants that love the sun. This is especially important for her to produce full flowers; so put them in a sunny place.
All types of wisteria are to be planted during the spring or fall period. They are to be installed in a hole the size of which corresponds to that of the roots. If you are going to plant several wisteria, leave a space between 5 and 6 meters between the plants.
Good to know: Wisteria is a fast growing climbing plant. It is therefore advisable to plant it in an area away from other plant species in your exterior..
Wisteria maintenance – tips to know for healthy plants
To enjoy healthy plants and blooming wisteria each year, there are a few simple tips that anyone can apply. We share them with you at the bottom.
- to protect wisteria from weeds: in spring, place a layer of compost at the base of the plant. It is possible to cover the area around the plant with mulch to keep the space moist; the plant will thus be stimulated to wake up.
- to make wisteria to flower: natural posphate can be added to the soil around the plant. This procedure is to be carried out during the autumn period.
- what to do in dry weather? If the summer is particularly dry, it would be useful to water the wisteria. This is especially advisable if you get less than 3cm of rain per week.
Wisteria pruning and maintenance – tips from the pros for a flowering plant
Pruning wisteria is essential for its abundant flowering and for a plant full of colors. In this section, we take a look at the steps on how to prune wisteria properly and enjoy more blooms in your outdoor space..
Wisteria are to be pruned during the late winter period. For pruning to be effective, it is advisable to suppress at least half of the growth of the previous year. Take care to leave a few buds per stem. If you have a flower umbrella shaped wisteria or similar, it will probably be necessary to prune the plant again, usually in the summer..
A good method to get more flowers is to cut the creeping shoots every two weeks during the summer months..
How to decorate a pergola, garden arbor or a floral parasol with wisteria
Since wisteria are climbing plants, they are most often used to decorate a pergola, garden arbor or floral parasol. This way of using wisteria will allow you to enjoy natural and flowery shade throughout the warm months..
To adorn a garden arbor or pergola with wisteria, place plants near the feet of the pergola or arbor. While the plants are still small, help them follow the right direction with a little rope tied to the future supports for your wisteria..
To get a natural shade in the shape of a floral umbrella, get a stand in the form of an umbrella. Do-it-yourselfers could also try to make such a stand themselves. Then plant the wisteria at the base of the support and do the same to help it climb on the elements of the floral parasol !