Want to make an aquatic basin to decorate a corner of your garden or your terrace? Designmag provides you with a complete file on the realization of such an element of exterior decoration. Find all the essential information on making a pond from scratch, on the plants and containers to choose from. So take advantage and try this DIY deco project during the spring and summer period !
Make an aquatic pool
to decorate its outdoor space is a good way to compensate for the lack of space for the development of a larger water garden. It’s also a fun and refreshing project to try out as a family on a hot day. And, of course, this is an original way to add even more color to an area outside the house.
How to make an outdoor aquatic pond – let yourself be guided by our DIY tutorial !
Making an aquatic pond is not really difficult in itself. To prove it to you, we show you the steps of making such a DIY decorative object in a tutorial that is economical in terms of money and time. The first step in making a mini water garden involves preparing the necessary materials.
Here is the list of these materials: a water basin, specific soil (with a high percentage of clay), specific flower pots for your aquatic plants, a fertilizer suitable for use in an aquatic garden, gravel , bricks or clay flowerpots, aquatic plants. On this last point, consult the various options in the list of plants that we provide you in the next section..
Before continuing with the tutorial, let’s take the time to review some details about these materials and their importance for the manufacture of your small aquatic pond..
Choosing the right materials for the manufacture of outdoor aquatic pools
Making an aquatic pond always begins with the choice of a suitable container. This can be purchased in stores or online. It can also be a scrap item you already have at home. The size of the container will determine the size of your mini water garden. So, make sure that the chosen pool fits well in the outdoor space selected for the arrangement of this decoration !
If you are wondering what you could use as a container to make an aquatic basin, here are a few examples: an old barrel cut in half, a basin that you no longer use, or even a vintage freestanding bathtub… Anything else which would resist corrosion well would also be suitable.
For very small aquatic gardens, plan a very large bowl or, why not, a ceramic pot holder with an imposing appearance.
If you dream of making a trendy aquatic pool, consider a container made of corten steel. This very modern material is known for its excellent resistance to climatic conditions and, in particular, to corrosion. It is therefore a wonderful option for the development of a modern water garden !
Our recommendations on the size of the container for your mini water garden
The shape of your container is not critical. Round, square, rectangular, it should nevertheless have, ideally, a depth of at least 30 cm and a diameter of at least 60 cm.
Such a pond will give your plants enough room to develop over time. And, moreover, you could install several different plant species there. Of course, you can also decide to bet on a smaller container. Nothing prevents you, for example, from opting for a large jar to decorate a coffee table on your terrace.
Good to know: in the latter case, you would probably need to transfer your aquatic plant to a larger pond once it has grown sufficiently.
Choosing the right flowerpots for a healthy pond and aquatic plants
To make a mini aquatic garden, know that you will need specific flower pots. These should allow the roots of your plants to come into direct contact with the water. This is vital for the proper development of your plants, so don’t neglect it! In fact, it is through the network of holes in flower pots that your plants will be able to obtain the substances necessary for their growth. In addition, it is equally important to choose pots that are suitable for the size of your plants and their roots..
How to make an easy aquatic pond for your garden or terrace
The first step in building an aquatic pond is choosing a location for your creation. As this is a mini garden containing living plants, this choice will depend on the characteristics of the plants you plan to use.
In general, we recommend that you find an area that is exposed to the sun for at least 6 hours of the day. Of course, you can adapt this principle to the particular requirements of the plant species you have selected..
Next, install your plants in the water garden flowerpots. To do this, add soil and fertilizer to the pot. Then place the plant of your choice and add a little water to add more strength to the soil.
Finally, top it off with a layer of gravel about 1.30 cm. It is to be placed directly on the ground inside the flower pot.
Once this work is completed, carefully immerse the flower pot in the basin filled with water.
Repeat this procedure with all of the plants you have selected. And here’s a little tip: use bricks or clay pots as supports for your plants.
This will give you a more interesting and natural setting, with plants placed at different heights..
Some aquatic plants do not require the presence of soil to thrive. Instead, they float freely on the surface of water gardens. Do you plan to use plants like this? So, put them in your basin once you have stored most of the pots at the bottom of the container..
Finally, add a little more water to your pond. Don’t worry if its contents seem a bit muddy at first. This is a natural effect which should wear off after a week or two.
Which aquatic plants to choose for an outdoor water basin ?
After this tutorial which shows you how to make an aquatic pond yourself, let’s see what types of plant species are most suitable for such an outdoor accessory. As you can guess, details on the particular characteristics of each species will be helpful in determining if a specific plant would suit your decor..
Thus, for example, certain large-sized species will be more suitable for aquatic basins with large, or even very large, diameter. Others, on the contrary, will be easy to maintain even in a small water garden. This is particularly the case with water lilies and other plants that float on the surface of the water.
Small aquatic plants for an outdoor pool full of colors
Caltha palustris is the Latin name for the plant also known as “marsh populage” or “water marigold”. It is a species with small flowers of golden yellow color. It grows in clumps in water basins and near streams. Its beautiful flowers announce the beginning of spring.
Primula vialii is a plant of the Primulaceae family. It is characterized by its spear-shaped flowers. The primrose blooms in colors of pink or white during the months of early to mid-summer.
Iris laevigata is a great option for those who want an aquatic pool full of colors. Also known as the Japanese iris, this plant has beautiful blue flowers that rise up to a stalk that is around 10cm tall. This is what makes it an excellent decoration for a water basin arranged on several levels.
The yellow iris grows on the edges of marshes and water ponds. With its golden flowers marked with touches of brown and purple, it will allow you to enjoy even more varied hues in your water garden.
Spectacular outdoor plants for an aquatic pond that will not go unnoticed
If you have a large water garden or want to decorate the space around your pond, opt for a spectacular green plant like gunnera. It is a plant with green flowers that typically appear in summer. During the rest of the time, you will benefit from its magnificent foliage shown in the image above.
The calla elliottiana is an aquatic and flourishing plant native to Africa. It is part of the Araceae family. His particuliarity ? It offers you the possibility to beautify your exterior with its yellow trumpet-shaped flowers.
The following plant, which is referred to as an alabaster-colored “troll”, is used to decorate the borders of ponds and water gardens. In the wild, it also grows near rivers and lakes. You can enjoy its pretty flowers during the months of June to August.
By virtue of its appearance, the species pistia stratiotes is referred to as water lettuce. Its green foliage floats freely on the surface of the water to give water gardens a fresh look even in the warmer months. Very appreciated by the fauna of natural pools for its shade, it is also, because of its rapid growth, a very good choice for impatient gardeners.
Ideas of floating petal plants for aquatic ponds
Water lilies are arguably the best-known and most admired species of aquatic plants. The nymphaea tetragona ideal for decorating small pools of water. It will enchant you with its white flowers which give off a pleasant scent during the summer months.
The pink water lily is another representative of the family of nymphaea. This is a variety that scholars refer to as James Brydon. Like the white water lily, this plant is a great solution for decorating a small aquatic pond rich in various shades.
The giant water lily is also referred to by the label of Victoria of the Amazon, its name being chosen in honor of Queen Victoria of England. It is a plant native to South America with flowers up to 3 meters in diameter! Remarkable already by its leaves, it is also endowed with beautiful flowers of white or pink color..
Make a minimalist style aquatic pond with plants that are easy to maintain
The cattail family (typha in Latin) is certainly among the most often associated with the decoration of water gardens. Easy to grow, members of the cattail family are also one of the trendiest choices for those looking to make a modern aquatic pond..
The family Pontederiaceae includes the species known as the heart-leaved ponteder. It is a pretty plant used for decorating the borders of water gardens. Flourishing during the late summer period, it is a beautiful solution for landscaping a modern water garden.
Build a water garden with personalized decorations
Before closing this large file devoted to the creation of an aquatic pond for DIY garden or terrace decoration, let’s say a few words about the accessories for such an outdoor corner. In addition to flowers and green plants, an aquatic pond can also be adorned with a water fountain. Here again, you are free to choose a fountain according to the appearance you want to give to its exterior. A fountain in the shape of a nice figurine or a sleek waterfall, a richly decorated retro-style accessory … These are just a few variations that we can enjoy. Without forgetting that it is also possible to make your own original fountain !
Koi-type goldfish allow us to add more color and life to our water basins. Often associated with modern decor and Zen and Japanese gardens, these friendly fish still require that you pay attention to the choice of plants and cleaning products for your pond..